Leblon is an upscale neighborhood in the southern city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Located between the Lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean, Morro Brothers and Canal Garden of Allah. The neighborhood is bordered by the Gávea, Lagoa, Ipanema and Vidigal . Its inhabitants belong mostly to the upper class, including some of the elite names in the cultural, economic and political carioca. However, there are also middle-class residents, especially those living in the neighborhood for many years, in addition to the residents of the community of San Sebastian Crusade. Some of its most traditional streets are Avenida Delfim Moreira, Avenida Ataulfo de Paiva, Queen Wilhelmina Street, Bartolomeu Mitre Avenue and Avenida de Mello Franco Afrânio. This neighborhood, according to the project of the state government, will have a metro station to be called Leblon Station.
The day is celebrated Leblon to July 26, because that date back to 1919, was set the current configuration of most of its streets.
The neighborhood is home to the headquarters of the football club with the largest number of fans in Brazil, Flamengo Club
Culture of Leblon
Leblon is known to be cosmopolitan and at the same time extremely parochial, with its bustling nightlife with many bars, restaurants, nightclubs and bookstores 24 hours.
In the novels of Rede Globo, the neighborhood is constantly portrayed by the author Paulo Manoel Carlos, a resident of the place. Some of the later novels were: Living Life, Pages of Life, Women in Love, Family Ties, For Love and Love Story. In the opening skit of living life, I came to see the artist, and Casseta Planet Urgent! Were made several references to “Leblão” and is told the phrase came to see artist, the novel with the most expensive property tax on Brazilian television, with clear reference to the high cost of living in the neighborhood.
It is also a source of inspiration for musicians, found in songs by Caetano Veloso (False Leblon, Out of order, Haiti, The Boyfriend and wanting), Paralamas do Sucesso (Glasses), Mariah Carey (Winter), Luciana Mello (Sex, Love, betrayal), Alceu Valencia (walk, walk and Scissors of desire), Elba Ramalho (That good (girls Leblon)), Ed Motta (It Meier pro), Simonal Balance (south), Cazuza (completely blue), Red Baron (Keep this song and Billy Negão) Djavan (thousand times), Marina Lima (Virgin), Fagner (Moon Leblon), Lobao [forever tonight, and Scaramuça After Two], Luiz Moon Gonzaga (It Good (Girls Leblon)), among several others.
The first written record of the region occupied by the current neighborhood is a map made by French explorers in 1558. On the map, the region coincides with the village of tamoia Kariané. In that same century, after the Portuguese victory over the French in the French Antarctic conflict, the Portuguese governor Antônio Salema spread clothing infected with the smallpox virus in the forests on the shores of Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas, for the purpose of exterminating the Indians that tamoios inhabited the region and can thus establish plantations of sugar cane in the region. In 1603, Antonio Pacheco Calheiros got copyhold (loan) in the region, called at the time “Costa Brava” or “Playa Brava”. In 1606, ownership of the land was passed to Afonso Fernandes.
In 1609, was the last Martim de Sá, Governor of Rio de Janeiro. In 1610, it was passed to Sebastião Fagundes Varela, who began to use the area as pastureland for their cattle. In 1808, Dona Rosa da Silva Aldonsa bought the land. The Portuguese Manoel dos Santos Passos bought them in 1810. Bernardino Ribeiro bought them in 1844 and sold it the following year to the French businessman Carlos Leblon, who set up a company in the region of whaling. In season, whales, sperm whales in particular, were very important in the economy, for supplying oil used in construction and public lighting. During this period, the lands of Leblon became known as Field of Leblon. From 1854, with the introduction of gas lighting by Baron de Maua, the business of whaling went into decline and Leblon sold his land to the entrepreneur Francisco Fialho.