Trees of Brazil

Veteranas de Guerra, Atlantic Forest trees of Sao Paulo, Brazil

Veteranas de Guerra, Atlantic Forest trees of Sao Paulo, Brazil

SOS Atlantic Forest of São Paulo decorates trees for resistance to uncontrolled urbanization. Campaign in new “Veterans of War,” Foundation will mobilize the population to map the trees in the city, and tell their stories to report abuse

The SOS Atlantic Forest Foundation launched on 21/9, Arbor Day, the campaign “Veterans of War,” which selected 20 of the oldest trees in the state capital, native species of the Atlantic, to receive a medal of honor and a bronze plaque as a tribute and appreciation for the services rendered to the population.

Check out photos from the campaign launch
For the director of Knowledge Management at SOS Mata Atlantica, Marcia Hirota, the campaign aims to awaken the citizens intend to take care of green left in São Paulo. She also explains that people tend to see the forest as something distant and not as his own abode. “In Sao Paulo, many times, people do not realize that the biome is enormously important to their quality of life. Knowing and preserving those trees the city is fundamental to caring for the environment we live in, “he says.

The campaign, created by agency F / Nazca Saatchi & Saatchi, has several actions and communication pieces, especially the site www.veteranasdeguerra.org , in which the public can know and follow the selected trees, as well as register and decorate new trees. The idea is that people adopt city trees, tageando his name in the species chosen and, thereafter, monitor and describe the situation in which they find themselves. For this, the site will have tools that will allow the mapping of these trees, including photos, texts and sharing through Facebook and Twitter with the hashtag # adoteumaveterana. Sponsors may also deliver virtual medals by force, perseverance, courage and resilience of its trees, and shoot emails to government agencies and departments, communicating to the competent authorities whenever any irregularity affect your Veteran of War.

According to Theo Rocha, creative director of the agency, “it is important to remember that the Atlantic is not just a landscape of the beach house.” “She is right under our feet. And to redeem this memory, the campaign wants to bring the population problem, engaging everyone in the struggle for the preservation of the forest. “

Survivors of asphalt

The 20/1 condecoradas native species were selected by botanist and environmentalist Ricardo Cardim, founder of the network “Trees of St. Paul.” For him, these trees are testimonies of the original biodiversity of São Paulo and the rapid destruction it has suffered. “The War Veterans are living monuments, a true open-air museum,” he observes.

One tree chosen is “Figueira of Tears” considered the oldest tree of São Paulo documented. The tree got its name for being a meeting point for travelers who followed towards the coast, say goodbye to their families and friends. Situated on the road linking the Port of Santos to Sao Paulo 19th century demarcated the end of town and was the reference to the parting of the people who followed departed for the long trips of the season, as was the case of the soldiers who fought in the War Paraguay.

In the course of the 20th century, this historical monument was being forgotten and biological. Today, he lives in a small plot in Sacomã thanks to the care of Yara Rodrigues, 55 years, 40 of them dedicated to tree. “Figueira This is part of my life. Since childhood, always joked around her and why I treat you like family. Nowadays, seeing the forests being cut down, I realize that people still do not give value to our shareholders, “says Yara.

The Atlantic Forest in São Paulo

The city of São Paulo has an area of ​​152,111 hectares. Originally, the whole territory was covered by Atlantic Forest vegetation. However, the city remains today only 17.5% of the biome in good repair. Nevertheless, expectations are positive, because there was a big drop in deforestation in the city. According to the latest survey from the Atlas of Forest Remnants of the Atlantic, released in May 2012 by SOS Mata Atlantica and INPE, there was only 1 hectare of deforestation in the state capital, in the period 2010-2011.

LIST OF WAR veterans

* Images can be viewed on www.veteranasdeguerra.org .

One. Figueira-of-tears (Ficus organensis)

Can be considered the oldest tree of São Paulo documented. Survivor Atlantic ancestral paulistana, this tree has seen a lot of history pass under its branches. Situated on the road linking the Port of Santos to Sao Paulo 19th century demarcated the end of the city and served as a reference point for the sad parting of friends and family traveler who followed the Port, for long trips of the season – hence the nickname “tears.” So it was with the students of the Law Faculty and the soldiers of the War of Paraguay. Dom Pedro I, going to the site of the proclamation of independence in 1822, passed beneath their canopies. In 1861, the Portuguese traveler Emilio Zaluhar wrote about his great size and importance to São Paulo.

In the course of the 20th century this historic monument and biological was being forgotten and now lives on a small plot in Sacomã and threatened by a young fig tree planted beside her foreign, which competes with the old woman for light and food. Besides all this history, the fig-of-tears still retains the original genetic remnant of São Paulo population of the same species that was extinct by the growth of the metropolis.

Address: Highway of Tears, between numbers 515 and 530, near the Anchieta Highway, in Sacomã – South Zone

2nd. Chichá Largo do Arouche (Sterculia chicha)

In postcards of the first half of the 20th century, from Largo chichá Arouche was already a giant tree and stood out in the landscape with your torso straight and long. Born probably in the 19th century, even in a rural landscape, the property of General José Toledo Arouche Rendon, this species of the Atlantic saw the metropolis grow around it and still sovereign. A characteristic of the species are sapopembas or tabular roots – shaped board – which are well developed in this specimen. Brazilian Indians in the remote past Chichas pounded roots of the forest to communicate through language codes, which resounded like drums.

Address – Largo Arouche, center.

3rd. Ceboleiro Nursery Manequinho Lopes (Phytolaca dioica)

Imagine a tree with a huge floor formed by the roots, which holds dozens of people lying beneath its canopy. This is one of the main features of the existing ceboleiro Nursery Manequinho Lopes, Ibirapuera Park, an ancient tree, probably over 80 years.

In the past, when there were still large tracts of Atlantic forest in the State of São Paulo, the pioneer farmers to seek land to grow up watching certain tree species occurring in the composition of the forest. The reason is that these species were considered standard of good land for crops, producer and trusted in their presence to the choice of land settled and future harvests. One of these is the ceboleiro trees, native to the Atlantic Forest. In felled these trees were generally spared because conferred a certificate of quality to the farm, something like an “ISO” of the past. Many coffee farms in the state still have old ceboleiros and sticks-of-garlic (Gallesia integrifolia, also another indicator species) around the houses and isolated plantations, deforestation witnessing this season.

Address: Av Republic of Lebanon, Gate 7.

4.Figueiras House of Caxingui (Ficus organensis)

Two giant fig trees native to the Atlantic Forest located in West Zone recall the countryside of São Paulo three centuries ago. A house is a building tumbled Caxingui the time of bandeirismo, 17th century, and retains native trees as a group of pines and the two fig trees, one close to the house and another built into the central reservation of the road ahead. These figs were born when the entire region was still rural, and probably were part of a forest cleared long ago and they were spared, as was customary at the time for farmers, for its size and beauty. Today, following his unknown biological and historical significance, with the copy of the street, for example, filled with nails stuck in the wood.

Address: Square Ênio Barbato I, s / n.

5th. Jequitibá Pink Square Colonel Fernando Prestes (Cariniana legalis)

Considered the tree symbol of the state of São Paulo, there are very few places in the metropolis where you can observe the jequitibá pink in your typical format and advanced age. The exemplary Square Colonel Fernando Prestes is certainly centennial, and there was possibly planted by the former polytechnic.

This tree is native to the Atlantic giant of our forests, and in the past there were copies so great that the state, when they fell in the woods, the noise of the fall resembled thunder, according to ancient accounts.

Address: Praça Coronel Fernando Prestes – Light

6th. Copaiba in Granja Julieta (Copaifera langsdorffii)

The Pinheiros River, until the 1940s, was a river full of curves and had a lush Atlantic forest on its banks and floodplains. After his pipe, the original vegetation was destroyed and subdivided, and today the area is home neighborhoods highly valued the metropolis. One of these neighborhoods, Granja Julieta, had a history tied to German colonization, which preserved many original trees in the forest plots. Most of these trees have disappeared in recent decades, but an imposing copaiba survived within a particular field empty. Appearing to be centenary this copy shows the typical broad canopy species and a profusion of bromeliads and other epiphytes typical of the Atlantic in their twigs-in-law. By being so hidden and private area, the fate of this “monument vegetable” is at least uncertain.

Address: Rua Inacio Borba, 286, Granja Julieta.

7th. Cambuci of Santo Amaro (Campomanesia phaea)

Frederico Hoehne, founder of the Botanical Garden Botanical São Paulo, cambuci considered the symbol of the tree-City. Producing fragrant and tasty fruits that resemble a flying saucer in shape, this tree is closely linked to the history of São Paulo, the point of having appointed a district and river (now channeled). The cambuci is a species of the Atlantic which had its main occurrence region where native is currently the metropolis, and participated in the past orchards and local cuisine in various recipes. Unfortunately, today it is rare to find a cambuci adult in the city of São Paulo, and the species can be considered virtually extinct in its original birthplace.

The copy of Santo Amaro is apparently the oldest living across the urban fabric, reminiscent of a very old orchard in the Historic Center of Neighborhood and although currently in a newly renovated plaza, has not had the recognition and care that is deserved as rarity .

Address: The Square Salim is located between the Ten Streets. Cel. Carlos da Silva Araujo, Mário Lopes Leo, Paul and Eiró Cerqueira Cesar.

Eight. Canelas Square Buenos Aires (Nectandra megapotamica)

Who sees the beautiful and twisted trunks full of lumps and marks the big old shins, it may refer the ancient trees of the fairy-tale. The type species in the Atlantic Forest of São Paulo, the cinnamon tree is large and is linked to longevity and history of the city of São Paulo: the past, the frontiersmen preferred the woods shins to erect their houses and bridges, because of its durability. Proof of this is that the woods cops who lived centuries ago are still part of the construction season in the city. In Buenos Aires there are several square shins centennial, the time of the inauguration of the place, and they bring a rarity at the time of the use of native species for afforestation and landscaping.

Address: Avenida Angelica, s / n (n ° 1500 of alt Av Higienópolis)

9th. Copaiba College Freiburg

An important survivor of the ancient Atlantic Forest that covered much of the region of Santo Amaro to the banks of the Pinheiros River. With crown and trunk of great proportions, this centenarian and beautiful tree native born inside the forest and today stands amidst a school in the South Zone of São Paulo accompanied by other remaining trees. Its importance as environmental heritage of the metropolis that is, should be more publicized.

Address: College Freiburg – Avenida João Dias, 242 – Santo Amaro.

10. Figueira do Carmo Park (Ficus organensis)

“Sister” Figueira-of-Tears of Caxingui and Pikes, the fig-brave typical of the Atlantic Forest in Parque do Carmo survivors are very old, probably more than centenarians. A peculiarity of these is the huge presence of “old-beard” a bromeliad indicator of air pollution, ie, that disappears in polluted air. Veterans in other parts of the metropolis that plan disappeared along with air quality. The fig tree’s roots Carmo Park presents tabular and impressive features of the species when in old age.

Address: Av Afonso de Sousa Sampaio E, 951 – Itaquera.

11. Parque da Luz Jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril)

The city’s oldest park, established more than 200 years, is one of the main strongholds of ancient trees in the city of São Paulo. Among many, stands a huge jatoba appearing very old and it is often visited by sloths living in the green area. Native Atlantic Forest in São Paulo, was like that of trees that Indians inhabitants of São Paulo at the time of the foundation took the bark to make canoes and navigate rivers yet clear how Tamanduateí and Tietê.

Address – Street Ribeiro de Lima, 99 – Bom Retiro.

12. Jequitibá-white Trianon (Cariniana estrellensis)

This tree of the Atlantic paulistana is perhaps the oldest original in central metropolis. By size, your age must be above 200 years. Located in the best preserved section of Parque Trianon or Siqueira Campos, is accompanied by other typical examples of virgin forest, which should have been spared in the forest clearing occurred in the late nineteenth century. Born in the woods of Caaguaçu (great kills in Tupi), as it was known throughout the Atlantic Forest that covered the hill from the current Paulista Avenue, the road was near the Royal Grandeur, where drovers passing watched 150 years ago and today attends executives laptops under the arms.

The jequitibá white is the species that had higher occurrence in the forests of Sao Paulo, while the pink jequitibá occurs more into the state from the Jundiaí.

Address: Rua Peixoto Gomide, 949, Cerqueira César.

13. Paineira Library Mário de Andrade (Chorisia speciosa)

In photographs of the 1940s had appeared that paineira with similar size to today, which shows its age. Located in the Plaza Don José Gaspar, is probably a remnant of the old palace yard existing in the nineteenth century, when St. Paul was still largely rural region. Tree native to the Atlantic and producing a “white cotton”, the kapok, which in the past was used for filling pillows and mattresses.

Address: Praça Dom José Gaspar – in the corner with the Consolation – Republic.

14. Figueira’s Pikes (Ficus organensis)

Considered the largest and most imposing tree downtown São Paulo, the fig tree is in the Pikes Largo Memory, where is the obelisk of Pikes, the oldest monument in the city. With a cup of tens of meters in diameter, is a specimen of native Atlantic paulistana that must have been born in the last decades of the nineteenth century, as in photographs of 1922 was a mature tree, although photographs of the 1860s did not exist .

Address: Largo Memory – Center.

15. Jequitibá White Park Security (Cariniana estrellensis)

The virgin forest untouched by human action or no longer exists in the municipality of São Paulo. Maybe some tiny snippets or trees are left, but almost every survivor in the Atlantic region has suffered at least one cut, fire, removal of wood or precious woods. The current Forest Park Security has not escaped this fate. However, for some reason, left over valued timber trees and large as jequitibá White, who still draws the attention of a few local regulars.

Address: Rua Pedro Peccinini, 88 – Garden Welfare.

16. Passuarés Park Volpi (Sclerolobium denudatum)

These towering trees and lush Atlantic Forest paulistanas are unknown even by those interested in the subject. Once very common species in the forests of southern city of São Paulo, were gradually eliminated with urbanization and survived in restricted space in the urban area, such as Park and Volpi Chacara Flora.

Also occurred in nearby rivers such as the Pines and Water Espraiadas. Copies Park Volpi are large and old age, and could be used as matrices for urban planting seedlings.

Address: Avenida Engineer Oscar Americano, 480 – Morumbi.

17. Palmiteiros Botanical Garden (Euterpe edulis)

Palm of great beauty and elegance, the palm-jussara is the mother plant of the Atlantic, with its fruits providing food for much of the fauna, the paca toucan. In São Paulo it occurred in abundance prior to urbanization, but faded to near local extinction by the demand of your palm for cooking and as a building material. This Palmital the Botanical Garden, around the headwaters of a creek the famous trainers of Ipiranga, São Paulo is an ancestral landscape, environmental relic.

Address: Avenida Miguel Estefano, 3031 – Jabalpur.

18. Araucárias Serra da Cantareira (Araucaria angustifolia)

São Paulo has had many pines in its Atlantic Forest, which named both a neighborhood because of the tree: Pines. Today endangered and missing in native form in São Paulo, there are few surviving copies centenarians, the most significant being the Serra da Cantareira, bordering the trail that leads to the Big Stone and must have been planted at the end of by Alberto Loefgren nineteenth century, the founder of the Forest Institute. The araucaria is strongly linked to the ancient culture São Paulo, both in the past were common pine nuts cooked vendors on city streets, as vendors are currently hot dogs.

Address: Rua do Horto, 1799.

19. Butantã cedar (Cedrela fissilis)

Wood widespread use in São Paulo colonial cedar pink attended virtually all churches of St. Paul on the altars and images. Its ancient specimens in the City are centenarians, but few have a historical record, as the exemplar of the Butantan Institute, a young man who was photographed in the early years of the twentieth century.

Address: Avenida Vital Brazil, 1500, Butantã.

20. Jabuticabeiras Jaragua Peak (Myrciaria cauliflora)

São Paulo was known in the early centuries of existence as the “city of orchards,” the abundance of fruit trees in the backyards of the then small village. Among his fruit trees stood out to jabuticabeira, tradition passed by the Indians of the Plateau Paulistano original and highly valued by paulistanos the season. There were even contests and disputes over jabuticabeiras sweeter and producers in the nineteenth century. Currently, there are few survivors backyard with mature tree and old. In the Peak Park Jaragua is perhaps the last of the colonial metropolis orchard, near the House of Bandeirista Afonso Sardinha, seventeenth century, with jabuticabeiras and other native fruits centennial, featuring the typical format and beautiful species when at an advanced age.

Address: Rua Cardoso Antonio Nogueira, 539 (access by Rodovida Anhanguera, km 18).